The Physicochemical Universe
In the Beginning... Infinite Space, Infinite Time
Home | In the Beginning... Infinite Space, Infinite Time | Towards a Comprehensive and Comprehensible Cosmology | Cosmology Model Categories | Relativity, Quantum Theory, Scales of Size and Frames of Reference | The Underpinnings of Current Cosmological Theories | Hubble Redshift -- The Experimental Data | Far Infrared Measurements and Absolute Zero Temperatures | The Clumpiness of Matter Distribution | The Intergalactic Medium | The Nature of Dark Matter | The Interpretations of Current Cosmological Theories | Non-Linearity of Physical Phenomena | The Nature of Fields | Chaos Theory and Natural Universal Physical Phenomena | The Arrow of Time and The Tensors of Space-Time | The Second Law | Boundary Conditions of the Universe | Phase Changes of Matter and Black Hole Physics | Subatomic Particle Theory and Quark Physics | Magnetic Fields, Jets and Black Holes | The Formation and Evolution of Stars | The Formation of Higher Elements | Nova, Supernova and Higher Elements | Active Galactic Nuclei and Black Holes as Strange Attractors | The Formation and Evolution of Galactic Structure | Black Hole Collisions and Quasars | Broad Band Fluorescence and Redshift | Beers-Lambert Law Ignored | Physicochemical Reinterpretations | Black Holes, Quarks, and Hydrogen Regeneration Cycles | New Conclusions, Predictions and Opinions | Literature References | Hubble's Farthest Views | About the Author

Ask yourself this question: Do I know of or have I ever observed the SPONTANEOUS appearance or disappearance of matter or energy from the physical universe?

One of the foundational principles upon which modern physics, chemistry and astrophysics resides is the principle of the Conservation of Mass and Energy.  Experimental sciences all directly or indirectly rely on it whenever quantitative measurements are made.  Mass and energy can move from one part of the universe to another but it never has been observed to "wink" in and out of our four dimensional observable world.  Theories that invoke hyperdimensional spaces and super geometries that can only be visualized from "outside" of our own limited frames of references must not be considered with any greater weight to them than the existence of the tooth fairy.  They are scientifically untestable and by their own choice have removed themselves from the realm of experimental science.  Though we can keep open minds about their validity whenever the theoreticians can provide a way to test them, they represent a relatively fruitless way of proceeding in the analysis of the nature of physical reality.  Experimental science has a much better chance of uncovering a more valid and accurate understanding of the universe.

The simplest model that we can begin with in our development of a cosmology is to have a universe that is infinite in all directions and is infinitely longlived... without a beginning or end.  This is a four dimensional universe without the artifice of any hyperdimensionality or fabric of space time that can be warped or distorted.  No mathematical constructs that attempt to simulate the behavior of matter and energy are present in this universal model though we must address the question of the presence and nature of fields, matter and energy and describe the mechanisms of "action at a distance" (i.e., the effects of "fields").

For many lifetimes the record shows that the observable universe remains relatively constant in its spatial and temporal relationships.  Only the smallest changes are measurable in the duration of a year or the relative positions of countless stars.  The universe BEHAVES as if it is limitless, infinite, and without beginning or end.  So why must we have a beginning or end?  Is it because as mortal creatures, we individually have such termini and cannot psychologically accept anything that is truly "immortal"?

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Copyrighted (C) 2002 by Joseph H. Guth.  All rights reserved.  No reproduction or other use of this content may be made in any form without the express written consent of the author.